|The purpose of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is to prosecute persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda and Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations committed in the territory of neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994. It was established by Security Council resolution 955 of 8 November 1994 in recognition of the grave violations of humanitarian law committed in Rwanda, which claimed the lives of 800,000 Rwandan Tutsis and moderate Hutus between the months of April and July 1994.|
The Tribunal is composed of three organs:
- The Chambers
- The Trial Chambers are composed of permanent judges and ad litem judges elected by the General Assembly.
- The Appeals Chamber based at The Hague has seven judges.
- The Prosecutor is responsible for the investigation and the prosecution of crimes within the Tribunal's jurisdiction. He or she acts independently as a separate organ of the ICTR.
- The Registrar represents the UN Secretary General and is in charge of the administration and management of the Tribunal. The Registrar assists the Chambers and the Prosecutor.
The Tribunal's seat is in Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania. As the first international court ever to deliver judgments on the crime of genocide, ICTR sets the pace to be pursued in bringing an end to impunity. The United Nations Tribunal for Rwanda is a standard bearer of international peace and justice.